幸运飞艇长

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灌漿技術在水利水電工程中的應用及施工工藝
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 灌漿技術在水利水電工程中的應用及施工工藝

  摘要:灌漿技術作為水工建筑物地基處理中常用和重要的工程措施,在大壩壩基防滲和除險加固中得到廣泛的應用,對大量吸漿量地層,特大漏水通道,正在冒水的堵水,承壓水條件下,巖溶地段等特殊地層的灌漿方法和施工工藝進行總結。提出了幾點在實踐工程中的應用。僅供同行參考學習。

  關鍵詞:水泥灌漿、高壓水泥灌漿、施工工藝

  SHUILISHUIDIANGONGCHENGGUANJIANGJISHUZUOWEISHUIGONGJIANZHUWUDIJICHULIZHONGCHANGYONGCUOSHI,ZAISHUIGONGDABABAJIFANGSHENHECHUXIANJIAGUCHULIZHONGDEDAOGUANGFANDEYINGYONG,ZAISHUILISHUIDIANGONGCHENGBAJIGUANJIANGZHONG,JINGCHANGHUIYUDAODAXIJIANGLIANGDICENG,TEDALOUSHUITONGDAO,ZHENGZAIMAOSHUIDEDUSHUI,CHENGYASHUIHEYANRONGDIDUANDENGQINGKUANG,TESHUQINGKUANGDEGUANJIANGFANGFAYUSHIGONGGONGYIJINXINGZONGJIE。

  1.大吸漿量情況的灌注方法:

  ZAIYIBANDELIEXIYANCENGZHONGGUANJIANG,DUOSHUQINGKUANGKEZAI1—3hZHINEIJIESHUGUANJIANG,DANWEIHAOHUILIANGTONGCHANGBUCHAOGUO100—200kg/m,RANER,YOUSHIHUICHUXIANDALIANGXIJIANGBUZHI,GUANJIANGNANYIJIESHUDEQINGKUANG,QIZHUYAOYUANYINSHIDICENGDETESHUJIEGOUTIAOJIANCUSHIJIANGYECONGFUJINDIBIAOMAOCHU,HUOYANZHUMOUYIGUDINGDETONGDAOLIUSHI。

  DAXIJIANGLIANGDICENGYIBANKEANYIXIAYUANZEJINXINGCHULI:

  (1)JIANGYA:YONGDIYASHENZHIYONGZILIUSHIGUANJIANG,DENGLIEXIZHUJIANCHONGMANJIANG,JIANGYEDELIUDONGXINGJIANGDIHOU,ZAIZHUJIANSHENGGAOYALI,ANCHANGGUIYAOQIUJINXINGGUANJIANG。

  (2)XIANLIU:XIANZHIZHURULVBUDAYU10—15L/m¡mYIJIANSHAOJIANGYEZAILIEXILILIUDONGSUDU,CUSHIJIANGYEJINKUAICHENJI,DAIZHURULVMINGXIANJIANSHAOHOU,JIANGYALISHENGGAO,SHIZHURULVJIBENBAOCHIZAI10—15L/m¡mSHUIPING,ZHIDADAOGUANJIANGJIESHUBIAOZHUNHOUJIESHUGUANJIANG。

  (3) NONGJIANGGUANZHU,CAIYONGZUICHOUDESHUINIJIANG(YIBANWEI0.5:1)JINXINGGUANZHU。

幸运飞艇长  (4) JIASUNINGJI,ZAIZUICHOUDESHUINIJIANG(YIBANWEI0.5:1)ZHONGCHANRUSHUIBOLILVHUAGAISUNINGJI。

  (5)GUANZHUSHUINISHAJIANG,GENJUGUANZHUQINGKUANG,CHANSHAZUIKEYIANSHUINIZHONGLIANGDE10%、20%—……100%ZHUBUZENGJIASHADELIJINGYEKEZHUJIANBIANCU,JIANGSHAJIANGJIAOBANJUNHOU,YONGSHAJIANGBENGGUANZHU。

  (6)JIANXIEGUANJIANG,ZAIGUANZHUYIDINGSHULIANGSHUINIHUOGUANZHUYIDINGSHIJIANHOU,TINGZHIGUANJIANGYIDUANSHIJIAN,MEICIJIANXIEZHIQIAN,SHUINIGUANJIANGLIANGHUOGUANJIANGSHIJIANGENJUDIZHIQINGKUANG,GUANJIANGMUDEQUEDING,JIANXIESHIJIANTONGCHANGWEI2—8h,ZHEZHONGTESHUQINGKUANGDEGUANJIANG,JIESHUSHIBUYIDINGYAODADAOSHEJIYALI,RUOWUFAZAISHEJIYALIJIESHUGUANJIANG,KEDIZHIJIESHUGUANJIANG,DAININGYIDUANSHIJIANHOUSAOKONG、FUGUAN,FUGUANSHIZHENGQUZAISHEJIYALIXIAJIESHUGUANJIANG。

  2、特大漏水通道的灌注方法

  CAIYONGDINGXIANGBAOPOFAJIANZAODEDUISHITUBA,ZAIYUBAJIANYANTIZHONGRONGYICHANSHENGBAOPOERDAOZHIDETEDALIEXI,ZAIKERONGXINGYANSHIDIQU,YOUYURONGSHIXINGCHENGDEKASIRONGDONG,RONGGOUZAOCHENGDALIANGLOUSHUIDEQINGKUANGSHIYOUFASHENG。DUIYUZHEZHONGTESHULOUSHUITONGDAO,RUOCAICHANGGUIGUANJIANGFANGFA,BUJINHUIHAOFEIDALIANGDECAILIAO,ERQIEYOUSHIGENBENMEIYOUCHENGXIAO,DUICI,YAOGENJUBUTONGQINGKUANGJINXINGCHULI。

幸运飞艇长  2.1WUSHUILIUZUOYONGHEQINGJIAOJIAOHUANDEDALIEXI

  SHOUXIANCAINONGJIANG,SHUINISHAJIANGHUOJIANXIEGUANJIANGJINXINGCHULI,RUOXIAOGUOBUMINGXIAN,ZEKEGAIYONGDINGLIANGGUANZHUWENDINGJIANGYEHUOHUNHEJIANGYE,WENDINGJIANGSHIYONGYUYUSHUIXINGNENGEHUA,ZHURULIANGDADEDICENG,HUNHEJIANGYEBAOKUOSHUINISHAJIANG,SHUINIZHANTUJIANG,SHUINIFENMEIHUIJIANGHESHUINIBOLIJIANGDENG。

  2.2YOUSHUILIUZUOYONGHUOQINGJIAOJIAODOUDEDALIEXI、DAKONGDONG

  (1)CHONGTIANJIPEILIAO。ZAIKONGKOUYONGCHOUSHUINIJIANGCHONGGUANCUSHALISHI(LIJINGYOUXIAODAODA)。HUOGUANZHUYIDUANSHIJIANHOURENGWUXIAOGUO,ZAIGAIYONGNONGJIANGCHONGGUANJIPEILILIAO、PEILIAOSHIXIANJIAOBANCHENGYIDINGCHOUDUDEJIANGYECONGKONGKOUDAORU,DENGGUANMANHOUYONGCHANGGUIFANGFAJINXINGGUANZHU,SUOWEIJIPEILIAO,YINGSHIBAOKUOTU、SHA、LISHIDENGCUXIKELIDOUYOUDEHUNHELIAO,NENGZIRANXINGCHENGFANLVCENG,QIZHONGBAOHANDELILIAOYINGSHIXIANXIHOUCU,ZHUJICASU,DAOMOUYIJIZAIYEGUANBUJINQUSHIJITINGZHI。MEIJIGUANRUDESHULIANGGENJUPANDUANLAIZHANGWO,KEWEI200—1000kg,LILIAODEFENJI,KECAIYONG2—5mm、5—10mm、10—20mm、20—40mm、40mmWUGEJIBIE,CHONGTIANLILIAODEZHUYAOMUDE,ZHUYAOSHIXIWANGYONGMOUYIJILISHIZAIZHAIFENGCHUXINGCHENG“JIAQIAO”XUNSUJIANGFENGXIZAIZHONGTUDUZHU,YIBIANYUXINGCHENGFANLVCENG,ZUIHOUJIANGTONGDAOLOUSHUIDUSI。

  (2)MODAIGUANJIANG,MODAICAIYONGNILONG、JUZHIHUOJUBINGXIDENGCAILIAOYONGTESHUDEFANGZHIGONGYIZUCHENG,ZHIWUQIANGDUGAO,ZAIGUANJIANGYALIZUOYONGXIA,MODAINEISHUINIJIANGZHONGDESHUIFENKEYOUDAINEIXICHU,ERSHUINIKELIBUHUIWAILOU。ZHEYANGKEYIJIANGDISHUIHUIBI,TIGAOGUJIEQIANGDU,SUODUANGUJIEDESHIJIAN。SHUINIJIANGYEZAIMODAIZHONGNINGGU,ZAISHUIXIABUJUYOUFENSANXING,DANGSHUILIULOUJIAODASHIBUHUIBEICHONGSHI;MODAIZAIYALIZUOYONGXIANENGCHANSHENGBIANXING,SHIYINGBUTONGXINGZHUANGDERONGDONG,YOULIYUDUSAI。SHIGONGSHISHOUXIANWANGDAINEIGUANZHUSHUIHUIBIWEI0.6—0.8HUO1.0DESHUINIJIANG,RANHOUJIANGCHONGMANSHUINIJIANGDEMODAIZHANKONGTOURUKONGNEI,KONGNEIMODAIDADAOYIDINGSHULIANGHOUZAIZAIYUANKONGWEIJINXINGGUANJIANGCHULI。

  (3)SHUANGJIANGYEGUANJIANG.DUOJIANGGUANZHUJIANGSHIHUAXUEGUANJIANGZHONGDEYIZHONG,YESHUYUKONGZHIGUANJIANGDEFANCHOU.SHUINIJIANGYEHESUNINGJI(YIBANCAIYONGSHUIBOLI)FENBIECONGLIANGGEGUANJIANGGUANJINRUHUNHEQI、SHUINIJIANGHESHUIBOLIZAIHUNHEQIZHONGCHONGFENHUNHEHOU,ZAISUNINGQIANDAODAKONGDI。WEILEDADAOYUQIDEFANGSHENXIAOGUOHEMANZUFANGSHENTIQIANGDUYAOQIU,XUYAODUIJIANGYEDEKUOSANJULIJINXINGKONGZHI,JIANGYEJIBUNENGKUOSANDETAIYUANZAOCHENGCAILIAOLANGFEI,YOUBUNENGYINJIANGYEDEKUOSANFANWEITAIXIAOSHIFANGSHENTIDEQIANGDUBUGOU,RUGUOJIANGYENINGJIESHIJIANTAIDUAN,GUANJIANGKONGCHONGZOU。RUGUOJIANGYENINGJIEDESHIJIANTAICHANG,ZAIHUNHEWUDAODADICENGQIANJIANGBEICHONGZOU。RUHEYOUXIAODIKONGZHIGUANJIANG,XINGCHENGYOUXIAODEJIESHUIQIANGLAIDUSHUI,DUIYANRONGDIQUGUANJIANGFEICHANGGUANJIAN,WEICI,WANGWANGXUYAOTONGGUOXIANCHANGDESHIYANLAIQUEDINGSHUANGJIANGYEGUANJIANGBILI,GUANJIANGYALI,GUANJIANGLIULIANGDENGSHIGONGCANSHUYIDADAOYOUXIAOFENGDUDALOUDONGDEMUDE。

   3、正在冒水情況的堵水灌漿方法

   ZHENGZAIMAOSHUIQINGKUANGDEDUSHUIGUANJIANGKEGENJUJUTIQINGKUANGFENBIECAIQUCUOSHI。

  3.1CONGJIAODADEJIZHONGLOUSHUIDIANMAOSHUI

   CIZHONGQINGKUANGDUOFASHENGZAIYANRONGDIQUHEHUNNINGTUZHONGYOUTEDAQUEXIANDEDIFANG,YINGZHENDUICHUSHUIDIAN,GENJUCHUSHUILIANGDEDAXIAO,XIANMAIMEIYIDUANSHIDANGZHIJINGDEKONGKOUGUAN,JIANGSHUIJIZHONGYINDAOGUANZHONGDAOCHU,ZAIJIANGZHOUWEIKENENGMAOSHUIMAOJIANGDEYANFENGHEKONGDONGFENGDUHAO,RANHOUCONGKONGKOUGUANZHONGJINXINGFANYAGUANJIANG,FANYAGUANJIANGDEYALIWEIP=P1+P2,QIZHONG:P1WEIKONGKOUGUANGUANBIHOUDESHUIWENYALI,P2WEIZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIAGUANJIANGYALI。

幸运飞艇长  3.2YANLIEFENGMAOSHUIHUOJINSHUI

   DUIYUMAOSHUILIANGJIAODADE,KECAIYONGYIXIABUZOUJINXINGCHULI(1)ZHANRUOGANGEYULIEXIJIAODESHENKONG,MAISHANGKONGKOUGUAN,JIANGLIEFENGSHUICONGGUANZHONGYINCHU;(2)ZAISHENKONGZHIJIANZHANRUOGANGEYULIEXIXIANGJIAODEQIANKONG,MAISHANGKONGKOUGUAN;(3)YANLIEXIKOUZAOCAO,XIANYONGMIANSHA、MADAODENGDUILIEFENGJINXINGFENGDU,RANHOUYONGSHAJIANGTIANCAO;(4)DUIQIANKONGYONGJIAODIYALIGUANJIANG;(5)QIANSHUIDAININGYIDUANSHIJIANHOU,DUISHENKONGYONGJIAOGAOYALIJINXINGGUANJIANG。DUIYUMAOSHUILIANGJIAOXIAODE,KEXIANYANLIEXIZAOYISHEN5-10cmDEAOXINGCAO,ZAICAODEDIBUPUYITIEPI,CHUANGUOTIEPIMAIMEIRUOGANGENGUANJIANGGUAN,QIZHONGLIEXIDEZUIDIBUHEZUIGAOBUGEYOUYIGEN,YONGSUNINGSHAJIANGJIANGCAOTIANPINGSHAJIANGDADAOYIDINGHUDUHOU,CONGLIEXIDEJIAODIDUANXIANGSHANGYICIGUANJIANG。

  4、有承壓條件下的灌漿

   CONGGUANJIANGKONGZHONGYONGCHUCHENGYASHUIYOULIANGZHONGQINGKUANG:YISHIGUANJIANGDICENGCHUYUJUYOUJIAOGAOYALISHUIYUANDEHANSHUICENGZHONG;ERSHISHUIKUYIJINGXUSHUI,ZAIDIYUKUSHUIWEIDELANGDAOHUODONGZHONGJINXINGGUANJIANG。

   CISHIGUANJIANGYALIYIDINGYAOGAOYUYONGSHUIYALI,FOUZEJIANGYEJIANGWUFAGUANRU,RUGUOWENDINGYONGSHUIYALIWEIP3,YAOQIUDEGUANJIANGJIANGYALIP4,NEIMECISHIDEGUANJIANGYALIYINGWEIP=P3+P4,TONGSHIWEILEBIMIANYINGUANJIANGYALIGUOGAOYINQIDICENGBEIYALIEHUOYINQIJICHUTAIDONG,YINGBAOZHENGP<P6,P6WEIDICENGSUONENGCHENGSHOUDEJIXIANYALI。CHENGYATIAOJIANXIA,GUANJIANGYIBANKEYIANYIXIAFANGFAJINXING。

幸运飞艇长  (1)YALIPINGJIANGFA,ZAIZHENGCHANGGUANJIANGDADAOJIESHUBIAOZHUNHOU,RENGWEICHIYUANSHUINIDENONGDUHUOGAIYONG5:1DEXIJIANG,YIXIANGTONGDEYALIJIXUXUNHUANGUANZHUYIDINGSHIJIAN(RU4-8h)HOUZAIJIESHU,YIFANGZHIYIGUANRULIEXINEIDEJIANGYEHUILIU。

  (2)BIJIANG,SUOWEIBIJIANGJIUSHIZAIDADAOGUANJIANGDADAOJIESHUBIAOZHUNHOU,LIJIGUANBIHUIJIANGGUANFAMENHEJINJIANGGUANFAMEN,JIANGFANGFA,SHIGUANRUDEJIANGYERENGZANSHICHUYUSHOUYAZHUANGTAI,DAININGYIDINGSHIJIANHOU,DAKAIFAMEN,JIANCHASHIFOUDAWANGWAIYONGSHUI,RUWUYONGSHUIXIANXIANG,ZERENWEIHEGE,BIJIANGSHIJIANYIBANWEI6-8h。

  (3)NONGJIANGJIESHU,RUJINGGUOSHANGSHUYIFACHULIHOUXIAOGUORENGBUXIANZHU,KEKAOLVLIYONGHUAXUEGUANXIANCAIYONGSHANGSHUFANGFAJIANGJIANGKONGDUANDEZHURULVJIANSHAODAOYIDINGCHENGDU,LIRUXIAOYU3-5L/min,RANHOUZAICAIYONGHUAXUEGUANJIANGFANGFAJINXINGGUANJIANG,HUAXUERONGYEZAIYANSHINEIHENKUAININGJU,BUJINKEYIJIANGXIXIAOLIEXIMISHI,YEKEJIANGYONGSHUIDUZHU。

  5、巖溶地段的處理

   YANRONGDIDUANGUANJIANGGENJUYOUWUCHONGTIANWUCAIYONGBUTONGDEFANGFACHULI。

幸运飞艇长  5.1WUTIANCHONGWUQINGKUANG

幸运飞艇长  (1)DUIYUDAKONGDONGYANRONG,KECAIYONGZHIJIEHUITIANGAOLIUTAIDEHUNNINGTU,GULIAOZUIDALIJINGXIAOYU20mm,HUNNINGTUBIAOLIANGYIBANC15,RUOYANRONGFAYUJIAOSHENZEXUCAIYONGLIUCAO、DAOGUANJIEZHUFANGSHI,YIBIMIANHUNNINGTUCHUXIANFENLI、GUANZHUHOUDAINING7d,RANHOUZHONGXINSAOKONGGUANZHUSHUINIJIANG;(2)DUIYUKONGDONGJIAODADEYANRONG,YEKEYIKUODAGUANJIANGKONGKONGJING,WANGKONGNEITOURULIJINGXIAOYU40mmDEGANJINGSUISHI,TIANMANHOUZAIGUANZHUSHUINISHAJIANG,GUANZHUHOUDAIGUANZHUSHUINIJIANG,SHUINISHAJIANG,GUANZHUHOUDAINING3d,RANHOUZHONGXINSAOKONGJINXINGJIANYIYASHUI,GENJUYASHUIZILIAOGUANZHUSHUINIJIANG,SHUINISHAJIANGHUOQITAHUNHESHAJIANG;(3)DUIYUKONGDONGJIAOXIAODEYANRONG,KEGUANZHUSHUINISHAJIANGHUOQITAHUNHEJIANGYE,GUANZHUHOUDAINING3d,ZHONGXINSAOKONG,JIANYIYASHUI,GENJUYALIZILIAOQUEDINGGUANZHUSHUINIJIANG,SHUINISHAJIANGHUOQITAHUNHEJIANGYE。

幸运飞艇长  5.2YOUCHONGTIANWUQINGKUANG

幸运飞艇长   DUIYUYOUCHONGTIANWUDEYANRONG,SHIYANRONGGUIMODEDAXIAOJISHENDUKECAIYONGSHIDANGDEFANGSHIJINXINGCHULI。

幸运飞艇长  (1)GAOYAGUANJIANGFA,CAIYONGBUCHONGXIDEGAOYASHUINIGUANJIANGCHULIYANRONG,JILIYONGJIAOGAOGUANJIANGYALIJIANGCHONGTIANWUJIYAMISHI,TIGAOQIKANGSHENWENDINGXING,BINGJIGAOYASHUINIJIANGDEPILIEZUOYONG,SHISHUINIJIANGYITIAODAIZHUANGXIANGTUTIZHONGCHUANGGAN,ZONGHENGJIAOCUOXINGCHENGWANGGEBAOGUO,DANZAIJIAODARONGDONGDIQU,YINZHANJINBUYICHENGKONG,XUKAOLVGUANHUOXIANYONGXUANPENFAJIANGRONGDONGCHONGTIANWUJIAGUHOUZAIJINXINGGAOYAGUANJIANG。

  (2)GAOYAXUANPENGUANJIANGFA,XUANPENGUANJIANGFAYOUSHIJIAOXUANPENFA,SHILIYONGZHANKONGJIDAIYOUTESHUPENZUIGUANJIANGGUANZHANJINZHITUCENGDEYUDINGWEIZHIHOU,YONGGAOYAMOCHONGBENGJIANGSHUINIJIANGYETONGGUOZHANGANXIADUANDEPENZUIZHUANGZHI,XIANGSIZHOUGAOSUPENRUTUTI,JIEZHULIUTIDECHONGJILIQIEXUETUCENG,SHIPENLIUSHECHENGNEITUTIZAOPOHUAI,YUCITONGSHIZHANGANYIMIANYIYIDINGSUDUXUANZHUAN,YIMIANDISUXUXUSHANGSHENG,SHITUTIYUSHUINICHONGFENJIAOBANHUNHE,JIAOJIEYINGHUAHOUJIZAIDIJIZHONGXINGCHENGZHIJINGBIJIAOJUNYUN,JUSHEBEIBUTONG,XUANPENFAFENWEIJUGUANFA,ERZHONGGUANFAHESANZHONGGUANFA,GENJUCHENGZHUXINGSHIBUTONG,KEYIFENWEIXUANPENFA、DINGPENFA、BAIPENFA。

幸运飞艇长  (3)HUAGUANGUANZHUFA,ZAIHANSHANIRONGDIDUANJINXINGGAOYAGUANJIANGNANYICHENGKONG,RUOYIDAIKONGYANQIANDEGANGGUANCHARURONGDONGNEIXINGCHENGRENZAOKONGBI,ZEKEFANGZHITAKONG,ZAIGUANJIANGGUOCHENGZHONGYEBUYIBEISHATUKELIDUSAIGAOYAFAMENHUOGUANJIANGSHEBEI,JIANGYEKEYIJIAODADEYALITONGGUOYANSHERUTUCENG,GAOYALIDEZUOYONG,SHUINIJIANGKEYIJINRUDAOSHATUCENGZHONGQU。JIANGCHONGTIANWUYAMI,JICHUJIHANSHUIFEN,DADAOQIANGUANZHU,YASHICHONGTIANWUDEMUDE。(4)QIANCENGYANHANNIRONGYOUCHULI。DUIYUMAIJIAOQIANHUOCHULUZAIGUANJIANGSUIDONGZHOUWEIDEDAGUIMOYANRONG,WACHUCHONGTIANWUBINGHUITIANHUNNINGTU,ZAIJINXINGHUITIANGUANJIANG。 

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