幸运飞艇长

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大型塔器吊裝工藝
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 大型塔器吊裝工藝

  [摘要]隨著石油化工工藝的發展和裝置規模的增大,大型塔器吊裝工作廣泛用于空分裝置、石油化工等行業,本文著重介紹該低壓塔的吊裝工藝,對同類吊裝具有推廣意義

  [關鍵詞]塔器,溜尾,平衡梁

  一、工程簡介

  2007NIANWOGONGSIZAIHANDANSHIRUIDADONGNENGYOUXIANZERENGONGSI35000m3/hZHIYANGJIXIANGMUKONGFENZHUANGZHI——CUYATA、ZHONGYATAHEDIYATADEDIAOZHUANG,CAIQULEKEXUEDEDIAOZHUANGGONGYI,WEIGAIGONGCHENGTIGONGLEFANGBIAN、KUAIJIE、ANQUAN、KEKAODEJISHUBAOZHANG。

  YOUYUSHOUXIANCHANGTIAOJIANXIANZHIHEKAOLVTAQIDIAOZHUANGDEXUYAO,TATIDIAOZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONGYINGYULENGXIANGDEZUZHUANGXIANGXIANJIE,BIMIANYINGXIANGSHIGONGJINDU。ZHULENGXIANGGANGJIEGOUANZHUANGDAO60.630MI(XICELIANGANZHUANGDAO36.330MI),MIANBANANZHUANGDAO59.730MI(XICEMIANBANANZHUANGDAO36.330MI)SHI,JINXINGTADEDIAOZHUANGDUIJIEGONGZUO。XICELENGXIANG+36.330~+60.630MIDELIANG,JIAJINJIMIANBANXUZAIDIYATADIAOZHUANGWANHOUFANGNENGANZHUANG。

  二、塔器的吊裝

  2.1DIAOCHEDEXUANYONG

幸运飞艇长  GENJUXIANCHANGKANCHA,SHIGONGCHANGDIDEZHOUWEIHUANJINGTIAOJIANBULIXIANG,ZHENGGEZHUANGZHIBUJUJINCOU,DIAOZHUANGSHIGONGZUOYEKONGJIANXIAO,JIEHEBEIDIAOZHUANGSHEBEIDEZUIDAZHONGLIANG、SHEBEIDIAOZHUANGGAODUYIJIANZHUANGDEWEIZHI、QIZHONGJIXIEDEJISHUCANZHAODENGZONGHEKAOLV,XUANYONG400TLVDAIDIAO、200TYEYADIAOGEYITAI。

  2.2DIAOZHUANGFANGFA

幸运飞艇长  SHEBEIDIAOZHUANGZHUYAOCAIYONGHUAYIFAJINXINGDIAOZHUANG,ZHUDIAOCHECAIYONGPINGHENGLIANGTISHENGSHEBEISHANGBU,LIUWEIDIAOCHETIWEI。

  2.3DIAOZHUANGJISUANJIXIAOHE

幸运飞艇长  GENJUTUZHITIGONGDESHEBEICANSHU,DIYATADEZUDUIHEDIAOZHUANGNANDUDA,SHANGXIATADIAOZHUANGSHIZHUDIAOCHEZHANWEIXIANGTONG,ZAICIJINDUIDIYATADIAOZHUANGZUOJUTIFENXI,CUYATA、ZHONGYATADIAOZHUANGFANGFALEITONG。

  2.3.1DIYATADIAOZHUANG

  2.3.1.1DIYATADEDIAOZHUANGCANSHU

  ZHIJING:φ3.519m;GAODU:35.081m;ZHONGLIANG:68.76T。

幸运飞艇长  2.3.1.2DIAOCHEZHANWEI:ZHUDIAOCHE400TLVDAIDIAOWEIYUZHULENGXIANGDENANMIAN,LIUWEIDIAOCHE200TWEI

幸运飞艇长  YUSHEBEIDEXIMIAN。JUTIWEIZHICHICUNJIANXIATU。  

  2.3.1.3BUZOU:YONG400TLVDAIDIAOCAIYONGPINGHENGLIANGTISHENGSHEBEISHANGBU,200TYEYADIAOCHESONGWEI。JIANGDIYATALIQIZHIHOU,200TDIAOCHESONGGOU。JIANGTADIAOQICONGLENGXIANGXICEJINRUYUZHONGYATADUIJIE。

  2.3.1.4HESUAN:

  GENJUDIAOCHEXINGNENGBIAO,400TLVDAIDIAO,HUIZHUANBANJING18MI,BEIGANCHANGDU84MISHI,QIDIAONENGLIWEI76TDAYUDIAOZHUANGHEZAI75.636T(DIAOZHUANGHEZAIWEIDIYATAZHONGLIANG68.76T×1.1=75.636T),SUOYIXUANYONG400TLVDAIDIAONENGGOUMANZUDIAOZHUANGYAOQIU。

  ANZHAOSHEBEIDIAOERSHEZHIDEWEIZHI,TIDIAOSHEBEIDIBUDEDIAOCHEHEZAIYINGDAYU1/2BEISHEBEIDIAOZHUANGHEZAI75.636T×1/2=37.818T。GENJU200TYEYADIAODIAOCHEXINGNENGBIAO,HUIZHUANBANJING10MI,BEIGANCHANGDU22.3MISHI,QIDIAONENGLIWEI50.3TDAYUDIAOZHUANGHEZAI37.818T,SUOYIXUANYONG200TYEYADIAONENGGOUMANZUDIAOZHUANGYAOQIU。

  2.3.2DIAOSUOJIPINGHENGLIANG

幸运飞艇长  2.3.2.1WEILEBIMIANTIDIAODESHEBEIFASHENGBIANXING,XUZHIZUOPINGHENGLIANG1GEN。

幸运飞艇长  PINGHENGLIANGZHIZUOSHIYITU: 

  2.3.2.2DIAOSUO

  (1)ZHUDIAOCHESHIYONGDIAOSUOSHULIANG2GEN;GUIGE6×37---φ56.5,σ=170kg/mm2;MEIGENCHANGDU28m,YIWANLIANGGUSHUANGUA。

幸运飞艇长  LIUWEIDIAOCHESHIYONGDIAOSUOSHULIANG2GEN;GUIGE6×37---φ56.5,σ=170kg/mm2;MEIGENCHANGDU20m,YIWANLIANGGUSHUANGUA。

  (2)HESUAN

  DIAOCHEGUAGOUSHANGDIAOSUOJIAODUTU: 

幸运飞艇长  TONGGUOCHAKANGANGSISHENGPODUANLIDUIZHAOBIAO,DUIYU6×37---φ56.5,σ=170kg/mm2DEGANGSISHENGDEZUIXIAOPODUANLIWEI164t,CHENGYIANQUANXISHU1/6,ZUIXIAOPODUANLIBIANWEI27.3t。

幸运飞艇长  GANGSISHENGSHOULIWEI43.6/[2cos(52/2)]=24.25t<27.3t

  TONGGUOXIAOHEMANZUQIANGDUYAOQIU。

幸运飞艇长  2.3.2.3PINGHENGLIANGDEJISUAN

  (1)XUANQUφ273×10WUFENGGANGGUANZUOPINGHENGLIANG。

幸运飞艇长  (2)LIANGDEKANGWANJIEMIANMOLIANGJISUAN

  W=π(D4-d4)32D=π(27.34-25.34)/32×27.3=524cm2

  (3)LIANGDEJIEMIANJIJISUAN

幸运飞艇长  F=π/4(D2-d2)=π/4(27.32-25.32)=82.6cm2

  (4)LIANGSHOUDAODEZHENGYALI

幸运飞艇长  Py=Q/2=68.76/2=34.38t

幸运飞艇长  Px=Pytg30°=34.38tg30°=19.85t

  WANJUM=Pxa=19.85×23=456.55t.cm

  ZHENGYALI&=Pxa/F=19.85×103/82.6=247.52kg/cm2

  (5)LIANGSHIJISHOUDAODEYINGLI

  δ=Ma/W+&=456.55×103/524+247.52=1144.94kg/cm2

幸运飞艇长  (6)LIANGDEQIANGDUXIAOHE

幸运飞艇长  δ=1144.94kg/cm2<{δ}=1600kg/cm2

幸运飞艇长  TONGGUOXIAOHELIANGDEQIANGDUMANZUDIAOZHUANGYAOQIU。

  三、安全措施

  3.1SHIGONGQIANXIANGSHIGONGRENYUANJINXINGANQUANJISHUJIAODI,TIANBAOJIANCHABIAOHEDIAOZHUANGZHILINGSHU。

  3.2DIAOZHUANGQIANYINGZIXIJIANCHASHENGSUODEWANHAOZHUANGKUANG,SHENGSUODEKUNBANGBUDESUNSHANGJIJIAN。

  3.2DIAOCHEXINGNENGYINGMANZUDIAOZHUANGGONGYIYAOQIU,JINGBAOHEYEYAXITONGBIXUKEKAO。

幸运飞艇长  3.3SHEBEIDIAOZHUANGQIANYINGJINXINGSHIDIAO,YINGGUANCEDIAOZHUANGJINGJULIJIDIAOCHEZHITUICHUDIJIBIANHUAQINGKUANG,FAXIANWENTIYINGXIANJIANGSHEBEIFANGHUIDIMIAN,GUZHANGPAICHUHOUZHONGXINSHIDIAO,QUERENYIQIEZHENGCHANG,FANGKEZHENGSHIDIAOZHUANG。

  3.4DIAOZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGBAOCHIDIAOZHUANGDONGZUOPINGWEN。DAISHEBEIJIUWEIHOUYINGJISHIZHAOZHENG,SHEBEIWEIGUDINGQIANBUDEJIEKAIDIAOZHUANGSUOJU。

  3.5KAISHISONGFUZHUDIAOCHEDIAOGOUSHI,SHEBEIDEYANGJIAOBUYIDAYU75°。

  3.6LIANGTAIDIAOCHESHIDIAOSHEBEISHI,GEDIAOCHEJIANDEDONGZUOBIXUXIEDIAOYIZHI。ZHIHUIXINHAOYAOZHUNQUE、KEKAO。

幸运飞艇长  3.7ZHUDIAODIAOCHEBIXUSHEZHIPINGHENGLIANG,GANGSISHENGYINGSHUANZAISHEBEIZHUANYONGDIAOERSHANG,YIMIANGANGSISHENGJISHANGHEJILIESHEBEIBENTI。

  四、技術經濟效果分析

  4.1SHIGONGFANGBIAN、KUAIJIE、ANQUAN、KEKAO,TIGAOJIXIEXIAOLV55%。

幸运飞艇长  4.2GONGCHENGZHILIANGYIYUBAOZHENG。

  4.3SHIGONGJINDUKUAI,GONGXUXIANJIEJINCOU,JIESHENGGONGQI,SHIGONGGONGQIJIANSHAO40%。

  4.4TOURUDIAOCHETAIBANHERENGONGJIANSHAO,JIEYUECHENGBEN。JIANGDICHENGBEN12%,RENGONGFEIJIEYUE40%,

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