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淺談路基注漿加固工程施工工藝
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 淺談路基注漿加固工程施工工藝

  摘要:該文以石家莊市某路路基注漿加固工程為例,說明了注漿技術在路基加固工程施工中注漿加固機理,主要設計參數,施工工藝,質量檢查等。分析了路基注漿加固施工特點,特殊情況下的技術處理措施,為以后類似路基注漿加固工程提供參考。

  關鍵詞:路基注漿加固,施工工藝,質量檢查 

  1工程概況

  SHIJIAZHUANGSHIMOULUWEISHIQUNEIZHUYAOJIDONGCHEDAOLU,QUANCHANG3324m。GAILUDUANZUIZAOXIUJIANYU1955NIAN,YUANLUMIANWEIYIFULUXINGSHI,HOUJINGJICIJIAKUANGAIBEICHENGMUQIANSANFULUXINGSHI。QIZHONG,1955NIANXIUJIANLE6.4mKUAN18cmHOUSHUINIHUNNINGTULUMIAN,HOUJIAGAINIHUIJIESUISHIZHAOPINGCENG;8cmHOULIQINGGUANRUSHISUISHIJICENGHE4cmHOUZHONGLISHILIQINGHUNNINGTU。1955NIANXIUJIANLIQINGHUNNINGTULUMIANJIEGOU:4cmLIQINGHUNNINGTU+15cmSUISHIJICENG+30cm1:4HUITU。MUQIANGAILUDUANLUMIANPOSUNFEICHANGYANZHONG,JIXUJINXINGZHENGXIUCHULI。JINGYANJIUJUEDINGCAIYONGZHUJIANGJIAGUFAJIAGULUJI。

  2公路病害機理分析及治理方法

幸运飞艇长  1LUJIBUJUNYUNBIANXINGSHIDAOLUBINGHAIDEGENBENYUANYIN,ZHUYAOSHIYIXIAYUANYINDAOZHI:

  1)LUJITUCENGJIEGOUDEBUJUNYUNXING。

幸运飞艇长  2)LUJITUCENGDEQIANYAMI。

  3)XIUJIANDIXIAGUANXIANDEYINGXIANG。

幸运飞艇长  4)LUMIAN“TIANCHUANG”DAOZHIDUILUJIDESHUILIQINSHI(BU-JING-PAI)。

  5)DIXIAGUANXIANSHENLOUZAOCHENGDERONGSHIKONGDONG、GUANYONGTONGDAO。

  2治理方法選擇原則

  LUMIANBUQIANGZHIBIAOBUZHIBEN,LUJIBUQIANG,XIAOCHUDIZHIQUEXIANCAISHIGENBENTUJING。

  3采用注漿加固法的優越性

  GUHUAJI(JIANGYE)YANLUJIRUANRUOBUWEISHENTOUCHONGTIAN、YAMIGUJIE、PILIEZHIHUAN、JIAOJIEGUHUA,XIAOCHUDIZHIQUEXIAN,GAISHANLUJISHOULIXINGZHUANG,TIGAOCHENGZAILI,JIANSHAOBUJUNYUNCHENXIAN。

幸运飞艇长  1)GENBENXIAOCHULUJIBUJUNYUNBIANXING,SHIBINGHAICONGGENBENSHANGDEYIFANGZHI。

  2)JINGJIXIAOYIGAO。YOUZILIAOBIAOMING,ZHUJIANGJIAGUFAHECHUANTONGFANGFAXIANGBI,KEJIEYUEGONGLUWEIHUWEIXIUFEIYONG40%YISHANG。

  3)BUDUANJIAO、GONGQIDUAN、WURANXIAO、SHIGONGWENMING。

幸运飞艇长  4)JISHUXIANJIN、GONGFACHENGSHU、XIAOGUOKEKAO。

  4路基注漿加固施工

幸运飞艇长  4.1ZHUJIANGJIAGUJILI

幸运飞艇长  TUCENGYAMIGUJIE,TIGAOLUJICHENGZAILI,JIANSHAOCHENJIANG。JIANGYEPILIEZHIHUAN,TIGAOTUTIJIEGOUQIANGDU,XIAOCHUDIZHIQUEXIAN。KONGXISHENTOUCHONGTIAN,TIANCHONGLUJIKONGDONGLIEXI,FENGDUSHUILIQINSHIHUOGUANYONGTONGDAO。SANSUIJIEGOUJIAOJIEZUOYONG,GAISHANLUMIANJICENGJIEGOU,TIGAOLUMIANJICENGZHENGTIQIANGDU。

幸运飞艇长  4.2ZHUJIANGSHIGONGSHEJI

  BENGONGCHENGCAIYONGJINGYAZHUJIANGFA,FAJINGYAZHUJIANGFASHILIYONGYEYA、QIYAHEDIANHUAXUEDEYUANLI,TONGGUOZHUJIANGGUANJIANGNENGQIANGLIGUHUADEJIANGYEZHURUDICENGZHONG,JIANGYEYICHONGTIAN、SHENTOU、JIMIHEPILIEDENGFANGSHI,JIZOUTUKELIHUOYANSHILIEXIZHONGDESHUIFENHEKONGQIHOUZHANJUQIWEIZHI,JIANGYEGUJIEHOUJIANGYUANLAISONGSANDETULIHUOLIEXIJIAOJIECHENGYIGEZHENGTI,CONGERGAIBIANYANTUTIDEWULILIXUEXINGZHI。JINGYAZHUJIANGFASHIYONGTUZHIFANWEI:ZHONGCUSHAJISHALISHI,POSUIYANSHIYULUANLISHI,RUANZHANTUHESHIXIANXINGHUANGTU。

  1)GONGCHENGLIANGBUZHI

幸运飞艇长  PAISHUIGUANXIANLIANGCE:JUGUANDAOHUOMATIXINGGOUWAIQIANG0.5mCHUBUKONG,JIANJU1.5m,SHENDUZHIGUANDAODI;WUMINGXIANBIANXINGDIDUAN:JIAGUSHENDU1m,ZHANKONGJIANJU2m×2m,CIBUFENZHAN80%;LUMIANBUJUNYUNBIANXINGXIANZHU,MIANCENGGUILIEDIDUAN:JIAGUSHENDU2m,RUYOUYANZHONGBUFENYINGJIAMIBUKONG(KONGJIANJUDIAOZHENGWEI1~1.5m),CIBUFENZHAN20%;ZHANKONGMEIHUAZHUANGBUZHI,BIANPAIKONGJULIJIDONGCHEDAODAOLUBIANYUAN1m。

  2)ZHANKONGSHIGONGGONGFA

  TAIZHANHUIZHUANZHANJIN+LUJIRENGONGLUOYANGCHANZHANJIN,GONGCHENGZHANJIHUIZHUANZHANJIN。

  3)JIANGYEPEIZHI

  SHUINIXIJIANGCAI,SHUINIp.s32.5,CHANGGUICBYE。SHEJIPEIBI:W/B/C=1:0.1:1。ZHIBEIJIANGYESHIXIANANZHAOW/B=3:1DEBILIPEIZHIYUSHUIHUABYE,RANHOUANZHAOSHEJIPEIBIPEIZHIGUANZHUJIANGYE。

  4)ZHURUGONGFA

  CHENGKONG→ANFANGZHUJIANGGUANBINGFENGDUKONGKOU→JIAOJIANG→QUANDUANMIANYICIZHUJIANG→DAINING。

  5)ZHURUYALI

幸运飞艇长  YOUYUZHUJIANGYALIYUTUDEZHONGDU,QIANGDU,CHUSHIYINGLI,KONGSHEN,WEIZHIJIZHUJIANGCIXUDENGYINSUYOUGUAN,ERZHEXIEYINSUYOUNANYIZHUNQUEQUEDING,YINERBENGONGCHENGZHUJIANGYALITONGGUOSHIYANHEDIQUJINGYANQUEDING,SHEJIZHURUYALI0.4Mpa。

  6)ZHONGKONGBIAOZHUN

  JIANGYEZHURULIANGCAIQUYALI~LIULIANGSHUANGKONGFA:ZAIZHURUYALIDADAOSHEJIYALIDEQIANTIXIADADAOWENDINGWEIYUANZE,WENDINGSHIJIANBIAOZHUNWEI5FENZHONG。DANGZHURUYALIDAYU2BEISHEJIYALIQIEJIANGYEWUFAZHURUSHIKEZHONGKONG。DANGDANKONGZHURULIANGYICHANGDASHIYINGZANTINGZHUJIANG,FENXIQINGCHUYUANYINHOUCAIQUJIANXIEZHUJIANGDEFANGFAJINXING。KONGKOUFANJIANGSHICAIQUJIANXIEZHUJIANGDEFANGFA。

幸运飞艇长  7)ZHANKONGTIANLIJIHUIFU

幸运飞艇长  ZHUJIANGZHANKONGNEITIANRUSUISHILILIAOBINGBUCHONGSHUINI~SHUIBOLIJIANGYESHIZHIXINGCHENGWEIXINGZHUANGTI。KONGKOUCAIYONGLENGBULIAOHUIFU。

  4.3LUJIJIAGUZHILIANGJIANYAN

  CANZHAOGUOBIAO《JIANZHUDIJIJICHUGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHILIANGYANSHOUGUICHENG》(GB50202-2002)ZHIDINGDEYANSHOUBIAOZHUN

幸运飞艇长  ZHUJIANGDIJIZHILIANGJIANYANBIAOZHUNBIAO4.7.4                   

  4.4XIAOGUOJIANYANYUPINGJIA

  1)XIAOGUOJIANYAN

  BENCISHIGONGLUDUANGONGWANCHENGZHUJIANGKONG586GE,GONGJI6540MI,GONGZHURUSHUINI5200DUN,PINGJUNZHURUSHUINILIANG0.795t/m,DIMIANSHANGTAISHULIMI,CONGZONGZHURULIANGHEDANWEIZHURULIANGSHUJUFENXI,ZHUJIANGDUANTUTIKONGXIJUNYOUDAFUDUJIANGDI,CONGERSHUOMINGSHIGONGDIDUANDICENGDEKEZHUJIANGXING。

  2)BIAOGUANSHIYAN

  SHIGONGJIESHU15TIANHOU,JIANLIZAISHIGONGLUDUANFANWEINEIXUANZELE5GEDAIBIAOXINGDIDIAN(QIZHONG2GEZAIZHUJIANGDIANWEI,2GEZAILIANGXIANGLINZHUJIANGDIANWEIZHONGJIAN,1GEZAIXIANGLINDUIJIAOZHUJIANGDIANZHONGJIAN),ZUOLEBIAOGUANSHIYAN,SHIYANHOUSHUJUSHUOMING,ZHUJIANGHOUBIAOGUANJISHUMINGXIANBIZHUJIANGQIANJISHUGAO,SHUOMINGZHUJIANGHOUSHILUJITUCENGYAMIGUJIE,TIGAOLELUJICHENGZAILI,DADAOLEWOMENDESHIGONGMUDE。

  5結語

  LUJIZHUJIANGJIAGUSHIGONGSHISHIGONGFANWEINEIDETUCENGKONGXIDEDAOLEYOUXIAOCHONGTIAN,LUJIFANWEINEIDETUTIJINGGUOZHUJIANGHOU,BUTONGCHENGDUDEDEDAOLEYAMIGUJIE,CHENGZAILIMINGXIANTIGAO。LUJIJIAGUXUANZEZHUJIANGFANGFABIQIQITAZHURUSUISHIZHUANG,DAKAIWAHUANTIANDENGCHULIFANGFA,BUDANJISHUSHANGKEXING,JINGJISHANGHELI,GONGQIJIAODUAN,ERQIEJIDADIJIANSHAOLECHENGSHIHUANJINGWURAN。  

  參考文獻:

幸运飞艇长  [1]ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOBIAOZHUN.JIANZHUDIJIJICHUGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHILIANGYANSHOUGUICHENG(GB50202-2002)

幸运飞艇长  [2]CHENGXIAOZHANGFENGXIANG.TUYUXIAOGUOJIANCE[M].SHANGHAI:TONGJIDAXUECHUBANSHE,1998

  [3]PENGZHENBIN.ZHUJIANGGONGCHENGSHEJIJISUANYUSHIGONG[M].WUHAN:ZHONGGUODIZHIDAXUECHUBANSHE,1997

  [4]JIAJIAXIN,LICAIFU,DONGHONGXIA.YALIZHUJIANGZAIYIYOUJIANZHUWUDIJIJIAGUZHONGDEYINGYONG.SHANXIJIANZHU,2001

  [5]RUANWENJUN.ZHUJIANGKUOSANYUJIANGYERUOGANJIBENXINGNENGYANJIU.YANTUGONGCHENGXUEBAO.2005  

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