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淺談高速公路SMA瀝青路面上面層施工工藝
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 淺談高速公路SMA瀝青路面上面層施工工藝

     摘要:幸运飞艇长本文主要從SMA瀝青混合料原材料的選擇、配合比設計、鋪筑試驗段及施工工藝等四個方面進行闡述,以確保高速公路SMA瀝青路面上面層的施工質量。

  關鍵詞:高速公路;SMA瀝青路面;上面層;施工

  1前言

幸运飞艇长  LIQINGMADIZHISUISHI(stonemasticasphaltJIANCHENGSMA)LUMIANJUYOUYOULIANGDEGAOWENWENDINGXING、LIANGHAODEDIWENKANGLIEXING,SHIYONGDENAIJIUXINGYIJIMINGXIANDEKANGHUAXINGHEYIDINGDEJIANGZAOSHENGDEXIAOGUO,MUQIANZAIGUOWAIYIPUBIANSHIYONG,GUONEIYEDEDAOLETUIGUANGYINGYONG。DANGQIAN,SUIZHUGAOSUGONGLUJIANSHEDEXUNMENGFAZHAN,DUIGAOSUGONGLUDELUMIANSHIYONGXINGNENGDEYAOQIUYEYUELAIYUEGAO。DANYOUYUGAOSUGONGLUXINGCHEMIDUDA,CHESUKUAI,BINGQIESUIZHUCHELIANGHEZAIMINGXIANZENGJIAYIJIZHONGCHEBILIZENGDA,JIYIGEILIQINGLUMIANDAILAILEMINGXIANDEZAOQISUNHUAI(RUCHECAO、FANYOUDENG)。ZAIZHEYANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,SMALUMIANYINJUYOUGAOWENWENDINGXING、DIWENKANGLIEXING、NAIJIUXING、KANGHUAXING、BUYILAOHUA、BUYIKAILIE、DIWENXINGNENGHAO、SHIYONGSHOUMINGCHANGDENGYOUDIAN,ZAIWOGUOGAOSUGONGLUSHANGDEYIXUNSUTUIGUANG。DANZAIJUTIDESHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHIYOUBAOZHENGLESMALUMIANDEGONGCHENGZHILIANGCAINENGTIXIANQIYOUYUEXING,WEICI,BENWENJIANGZHUYAOTANTANGAOSUGONGLUSMASHANGMIANCENGSHIGONGDEGUANJIANJISHU,YIGONGTONGXINGCANKAO。

  2SMA瀝青混合料原材料的選擇

  2.1CUJILIAO

  SMAHUNHELIAOSHIYIKAOCUJILIAOSHI、SHIJIECHUHEJINMIQIANJIEERXINGCHENGGUJIAJIEGOU,QIJIPEIZHONGDECUJILIAOLIJINGDAXIAOYULIQINGHUNHELIAODEKANGPILAOQIANGDUHEKANGCHECHENENGLIYOUMIQIEDEGUANXI。WEIFANGZHISUISHIKELIZAICHELIANGHEZAIDEJIYAGUOCHENGZHONGFASHENGPOSUI,CUJILIAOYI100%YAZHI,XINGTAILIXIANGQIEMOHAOZHI、ZHENPIANZHUANGZHISHU、YASUIZHIDENGJUNFUHEGUIFANYAOQIU,MOUXIEQINGKUANGXIADUIMOGUANGZHIJUNYOUYANGEDEYAOQIUCAIYONGDEJILIAODUOWEIHUAGANGYAN、XUANWUYAN、HUICHANGYAN,HUILVYAN、PIANMAYANHESHIYINGYANDENG,JIYAOQIUJILIAOYAOYOUZUGOUDEYINGDUHENAIJIUXING。

幸运飞艇长  SMAHUNHELIAODEXINGZHIDUIJILIAO4.75mmTONGGUOLVSHIFENMINGAN,YAOQIUZHENPIANZHUANGKELI(1:3)HANLIANGBUCHAOGUO20%。GENJUSMACAILIAODETEXING,ZAIXUANZEJILIAOSHIYINGPANDUANQISUANJIANXING,WEILESHIJILIAOYULIQINGYOUJIAOHAODEJIEHENENGLI,YINGJINLIANGBUKAOLVSUANXINGJILIAO,ZAIYOUTIAOJIANDEDIFANGZUIHAOCAIYONGXUANWUYAN、HUILVYANDENGYINGZHIDEJIANXINGSHILIAO(LIANGZHEDEZHILIANGJISHUJIANBIAO1)。  

  2.2XIJILIAO

  XIJILIAOYINGJIEJING、GANZAO、WUFENGHUA、WUZAZHI,BINGYOUSHIDANGDEJIPEIFANWEI,BINGYINGYULIQINGYOULIANGHAODEZHANJIENENGLI。WEILESHILIQINGTONGBIAOCENGDEXIJILIAOYULIQINGYOULIANGHAODEZHANJIENENGLI,JINLIANGSHIYONGRENGONGDEJIZHISHAHUOSHIXIE,ERBIMIANSHIYONGTIANRANSHA(TIANRANSHAYOUYUKELIJIEJINYUYUANXING,MOZULIXIAO,GUBUYIDUOYONG)。

  2.3LIQING

  SMASUOSHIYONGDELIQINGYAOQIUYOULIANGHAODEZHANJIEXINGHEWENDUWENDINGXING,ZAIGAOWENSHIYAOJUYOUJIAODIDEGANWENXING,DIWENSHIYOUJUYOUJIAOHAODEXINGBIANNENGLI,YIBANYINGCAIYONGZHONGJIAOTONGDAOLULIQING,QIZHIBIAOYINGFUHEGUIFANYAOQIU。

  2.4KUANGFEN

  KUANGFENZAISMAHUNHELIAOZHONGSHIZHONGYAODEZUCHENGBUFEN,TAYULIQINGHUNHEXINGCHENGMATIZHI,CONGERYINGXIANGSMADEXINGNENG。YIBAN,YICAIYONGSHIHUIYANHUOYANJIANGZHONGDEQIANGJIXINGYANSHI(ZENGSHUIXINGSHILIAO),JINGMOXIDEDAODEKUANGFEN。KUANGFENYAOQIUGANZAO,JIEJING。ANZHAOWOGUOMUQIANLIQINGLUMIANSHIGONGJISHUGUIFANSHENGCHANDESHIHUISHIKUANGFENKEYONGYUSMAHUNHELIAO。

  2.5XIANWEI

  WEILEFANGZHILIQINGDILOU,JUEDABUFENSMAZHONGDOUSHIYONGXIANWEI。XIANWEIWENDINGJICAIYONGMUZHISUXIANWEI,YINGZAI250℃DEGANBANWENDUXIABUBIANZHI、BUFACUI,SHIYONGXIANWEIBIXUFUHEHUANBAOYAOQIU,BUWEIHAISHENTIJIANKANG。QIEBIXUZAIBANZHIGUOCHENGZHONGNENGCHONGFENFENSANJUNYUN。

  YIBAN,WOGUOSMAKUANGLIAOJIANYIJIPEIBIAOJIANBIAO2。  

  3SMA瀝青混合料的配合比設計

幸运飞艇长  SHIYANSHITONGGUOGEZHONGJILIAODESHAIFENJIEGUO、KUANGLIAODEHECHENGJIPEIJISUAN、ZUIJIADELIQINGYONGLIANGDENGSHUJUBINGCANZHAOPEIBISHEJIGUIFANGUIDINGMUBIAOPEIHEBI,RANHOUTONGGUOBANHEZHANSHIBANQUEDINGSHENGCHANPEIHEBI。YIBAN,HECHENGJIPEIQUXIANYIJINLIANGJIEJINSHEJIJIPEIZHONGXIANYOUQIYINGSHI0.075mm、2.36mm、4.75mmSHAIKONGDETONGGUOLIANGJINLIANGJIEJINSHEJIJIPEIFANWEIDEZHONGXIAN,DUIYUZHONGJIAOTONGDEGAOSUGONGLUMIANCENG,YIPIANXIANGJIPEIFANWEIDEXIA(CU)XIAN;ERGENJULIQINGHUNHELIAODEQIANGDULILUN,ZUIJIALIQINGYOUSHIBIYINGYOUSHINEICHANGGUIMAXIEERSHIYANQUEDING(QIJISHUYAOQIUJIANBIAO3),JIYOULIQINGHUNHELIAOMISHIDU,WENDINGDU,KONGXILVDENGZHIBIAOCHUBUQUEDINGYOUSHIBI,YUGUIFANDEQUZHIYAOQIUJINXINGBIJIAOQUZHI。DANMUQIANYOUYUWOGUODADUNWEICHEYUELAIYUEDUO,WEITIGAOGAOSUGONGLULUMIANDESHIYONGXINGNENG,ZENGQIANGQIHEZAINENGLI,LIQINGHUNHELIAOZHONGCHULEYAOJINXINGCHANGGUIDEMAXIEERSHIYANWAI,HUANYINGJINXINGYINQIDONGWENDINGDUSHIYAN,YIGENGHAODEQUEDINGHUNHELIAODEJIPEIHEYOUSHIBI。 

  BIAO3

  4鋪筑試驗段

  SHIYANDUANSHIGONGCHENGSHIGONGKAISHIQIANDEYIGEZHONGYAOHUANJIE,TONGGUODUISHIYANDUANGEXIANGSHUJUDEYANJIUFENXI,KEYIQUEDINGKEXINGXINGSHENGCHANPEIHEBI、TANPUJIDETANPUWENDU、TANPUSUDU、ZHENJI、YALUJIDENIANYAGONGYI、PUZHUSONGPUXISHU、JINDUDETANPU、YIJIZUIJIARENYUANZUZHI、JIXIEPEIZHIDENG。ZAISHIYANLUDUANNIANYACHENGXING12XIAOSHIHOU,DUITANPUDELIQINGMIANCENGJINXINGZHANXINQUYANG,YIJIANCEQIHOUDUJIYASHIDU。

  5SMA路面上面層的施工工藝

  5.1SMALIQINGHUNHELIAODEBANHE

  GAOSUGONGLULIQINGTONGSHANGMIANBIAOCENGSHIGONG,QIBANHEYIBANCAIYONGJIANXIESHIBANHEJI,BANHENENGLIYUEWEI130-280T/h;BANHEGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGQUEBAOBANHELIAODEZHUNQUE、BANHEWENDU、BANHESHIJIAN、SHIGONGWENDUDENGYINGMANZUXIANGGUANJISHUGUIFANYAOQIU;BANHEBIXUFENSANJUNYUN,WEISHIXIANWEIQUANBUDAKAIWANQUANFENSAN,XUYANCHANGGANBANSHIJIAN5-15s,TOURUKUANGFENHELIQINGHOU,XIANGYINGDEZENGJIASHIBANSHIJIAN5-20sZUOYOU,YIBAOZHENGXIANWEIJUNYUNDEFENSANZAISMAHUNHELIAOZHONG,BIMIANTANPUSHICHUXIANYOUBAN;CHULIAO、YUNSHU、TANPUYINGHELIPEIZHI,BIMIANYINWEISMAZAIZHULIAOCANGZHUCUNSHIJIANGUOCHANGERFASHENGLIXI;YOUYUSMASHIYONGLESBSGAIXINGLIQING,YINCIHUNHELIAODECHUCHANGWENDUWEI170-185℃,BINGBUDECHAOGUO195℃,FOUZEYUYIFEIQI。

  5.2SMALIQINGHUNHELIAODEYUNSHU

  SMAHUNHELIAODEYUNSHUXUSHIYONG15TYISHANGDEZIXIEFANDOUCHE,CHENEIBIXUQINGJIE,BINGTUSHUAGELIJI;WEIBIMIANHUNHELIAOCHUXIANLIXIXIANXIANG,ZHUANGLIAOSHIYINGQIANHOUYIDONG;SMAHUNHELIAOZAIYUNSHUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BIXUFUGAI,FANGZHISHOUDAOFENGCHUI、RISHAI、YULIN、WURANDENG;DANGHUNHELIAOYUNZHITANPUXIANCHANGHOU,YINGDAILUNDAOGAICHEXIELIAOSHIZAIJIECHUFUGAIWU,YIFANGZHIHUNHELIAOJIANGWENHEYANGCHENWURAN。LINGWAI,XUGENJUBANHEJIDEBANHENENGLIJITANPUJIDETANPUSUDUHELIPEIZHIYUNSHUCHELIANGDESHULIANG,YIBIMIANTANPUTINGJIDENGLIAO。

  5.3SMALIQINGHUNHELIAODETANPU

幸运飞艇长  5.3.1TANPUQIAN,BIXUJIANGZHONGMIANCENGQINGSAOGANJING,BINGYONGCHUIFENGSHIMIEHUOQICHUIJINGFUCHEN,QUEBAOBIAOMIANWUZAWUJIWURAN,RANHOUPENSAZHANCENGYOU,SABULIANGYIBANWEI0.4Kg/㎡,SABUBIXUQUANMIAN、JUNYUN,YICISABUCHANGDUYINGYITANPUJIMEITIANDEGONGZUOLIANGWEIQIANTI,SABUHOUBIXUFENGBIDAOLU,YANJINCHELIANGXINGSHI,BIMIANJIANGYOUMOZHANQIYIJIBIAOMIANWURAN。

  5.3.2YOUYUSMAHUNHELIAODUISHIGONGYAOQIUBIJIAOGAO,YINCITANPUSHIYIBANSHIYONGABG8820、ABG8860、ABG525DENGXINGHAOTANPUJI。TANPUXUQUANFUTANPU,DUOJILIANHEZUOYE。

幸运飞艇长  5.3.3TANPUKUANDU:ANZHAOGUIFANYAOQIU,MEITAITANPUJITANPUKUANDUBUYICHAOGUO6~7.5m,RULUMIANKUANDUCHAOCHUTANPUJIDEGUIFANYAOQIUZHISHI,ZETONGCHANGYONGLIANGTAIHUOLIANGTAIYISHANGTANPUJIHUXIANGCUOKAICHENGTICISHIGONG。DANGCAIYONGLIANGTAITANPUJITONGSHITANPUSHI,QIQIANHOUJULIYIWEI1~2m,ZUOYOUJIAOCUOYIWEI30cmZUOYOU,YIBAOZHENGZONGXIANGJIEFENGCHUDEHUNHELIAOBUCHANSHENGLIXIYIJINIANYASHIDELIAOWENBAOCHIYIZHI。

  5.3.4TANPUWENDU:YOUYUSMAHUNHELIAOJIAONIAN,TANPUWENDUJIAOGAO,YIBANYAOQIUBUDIYU160℃,ZUIHAOGAOYU170℃。

  5.3.5TANPUSUDU:TANPUSHIYINGYUNSU、LIANXU,QIYINGGENJUHUNHELIAOBANHEJICHANLIANG、YUNSHUSHEBEI、SHIGONGJIXIE、RENYUANQINGKUANGJITANPUCENGHOUDU、KUANDUQUEDING,YIBANYIKONGZHIZAI2-3m/min。

幸运飞艇长  5.3.6PUZHUSONGPUHOUDU:GENJUGUIFANYAOQIU,SMAHUNHELIAODESONGPUHOUDUYIBANWEI1.15-1.25cmZHIJIAN。

  5.3.7TANPUSHIJINLIANGBUYAOZHONGTUTINGDUN,RUYUTESHUQINGKUANGBIXUZANSHIZHONGZHISHI,TANPUJIBIXUBAOCHIYUNZHUAN,SUOJINYUNPINGBAN,SHIZHIBUDEXIACHEN,TINGZHIZHENDAOBINGKAITONGYUNPINGBANJIAREQI。

  5.3.8ZAIZHENGGETANPUGUOCHENGZHONG,TANPUJILUOXUANSONGLIAOQIYINGBUTINGDUNZHUANDONG,LIANGCEYINGBAOCHIBUSHAOYUSONGLIAOGAODUDE2/3DEHUNHELIAO,TANPUJIZHONGTUJINLIANGBUYAOSHOUDOU,YINWEILIAODOULIANGCEDEHUNHELIAOWENDUJIAODI,YIZAOCHENGSHENSHUISHIYANXIAOGUOBUHAOYIJIBUHAODEPINGZHENGDUHEYASHIDU。

  5.3.9ZAIZHENGGETANPUGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGANPAIZHUANZHIRENYUANGENSUITANPUJILIANGCE,YIBIANFAXIANLALIAO、YOUBAN、JIEKUAIDENGXIANXIANGSHI,NENGGOUJISHIDEQINGCHUJIBULIAO,YIFANGZHIYINXIAJIZHUNMIANDEGAODIBIANDONGYINGXIANGSONGPUHOUDUJIPINGZHENGDU。

幸运飞艇长  5.4SMALIQINGHUNHELIAODENIANYA

  5.4.1SMADENIANYAYINGZUNXUN“JINGEN、MANYA、GAOPIN、DIFU”DEYUANZE,NIANYAWENDUYUEGAOYUEHAO,TANPUHOUXUNSUNIANYA,BUDEDENGHOU。

  5.4.2YALUJIYISHIYONGSHUANGLUNSHUANGZHENSHI,LIANGCHEDAOYISHANGLUMIANYINGPEIBEI3-4TAI,SUDUYINGKONGZHIZAI2-4Km/hJUNHENGNIANYA,HOUTUISHIFANGXIANGYINGJIANJIANGAIBIAN,BUDEZHUANWAN。

  5.4.3YIBANNIANYACAIYONGCHUYA、FUYA、ZHONGYASANDAOCHENGXU:CHUYA,YINGZUNXUNSHAOPENSHUI,BAOCHIGAOWEN(YIKONGZHIZAI130℃YISHANG)DEYAOQIU;FUYA,WENDUYIKONGZHIZAI120℃YISHANG,NIANYABIANSHUBUSHAOYU4-6BIAN;ZHONGYA,WENDUBUDIYU100℃,ZUIHOUGUANGMIAN(ZHONGYA)BUDEZHENDONG,YINGCAIYONGJINGYA。

  5.4.4NIANYAYIBANTICIJINXING,MEICIYAQIAN1/3-1/4LUN,NIANYAGONGZUOMIANCHANGDUBUYIGUOCHANG(50mZUOYOU)。

  5.4.5YOUYUSMADEKUANGLIAOQIANJIZUOYONG,YASHIDUBIJIAORONGYIDEDAO,YINCI,SMALIQINGTONGYINGTEBIEZHUYIFANGZHIGUOYA。

  5.4.6DAINIANYAJIESHUHOU,YINGJIANCHALIQINGTONGSHANGMIANCENGDESHIJIKONGXILV,QUEBAOLUMIANDEYASHIDUDADAO98%YISHANG,YIQUEBAOLUMIANDEPINGZHENGDUFUHEGUIFANYAOQIU,CONGERKEDADATIGAOLUMIANDENAIJIUXING。

  5.5SMALIQINGHUNHELIAOSHANGMIANCENGJIEFENGDECHULI

幸运飞艇长  5.5.1HENGFENGDECHULI:HENGXIANGJIEFENGYIBANYOUXIEJIEHEPINGJIELIANGZHONG,QIRUCHULIBUHAOHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGMIANCENGPINGZHENGDUHEXINGCHESHUSHIXING。YINCI,ZAICHULIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGXIANYONG6MIZHICHIJIANCHA,RANHOUJIANGPINGZHENGDUCHAOGUO3mmDEBUFENQIEQU,JIANGJIETOUCHUQINGXIGANJING,BINGZAIJIECHAKOUTUSHUARUHUALIQING;RANHOUCAIYONGSHUANGLUNYALUJIHENGXIANGNIANYAJIEFENG1~2BIAN,GANGLUNDE2/3YINGWEIYUYIYASHIBUFEN,MEI15cmJIANGEZHUBUCUOLUNZHONGDIEYASHILIANGMIKUANDU,ZAINIANYAGUOCHENGZHONGFAXIANFENGXIGUODASHIBIANBUCHONGSHAOLIANGHUNHELIAO,ZHIDAOJIEFENGBAOMAN、PINGSHUN。

  5.5.2ZONGFENGDECHULI:ZONGXIANGJIEFENGKEFENWEIREJIEHELENGJIELIANGZHONG。QICHULIFANGFAYUHENGFENGJIBENXIANGTONG,DANQILENGFENGZAITANPUSHI,YINGTANPUYUYIWANCHENGBUFENZHONGDIE5㎝,YIQUEBAOJIEFENGBAOMANJIHOUDUXIANGTONG。

幸运飞艇长  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,SMALIQINGHUNHELIAOSHIYIZHONGXINXINGDELUMIANYONGCAILIAO,QIJUYOUGAOWENWENDINGXING、DIWENKANGLIEXING、NAIJIUXING、KANGHUAXINGDENGYOUDIAN,FEICHANGSHIHEZAIWOGUOGAOSUGONGLUJIANSHESHANGTUIGUANG。DANYOUYUSMALUMIANDESHIGONGZHILIANGJIYISHOUDAOYUANCAILIAO、SMALIQINGHUNHELIAODEPEIHEBISHEJIJISHIGONGGONGYIDEYINGXIANG,WEIQUEBAOQINENGGENGHAODIFAHUIYOUYUEXING,ZHEJIUXUYAOMEIYIWEIGONGLUJIANSHEZHEYAOQINYUXUEXIYOUGUANSMAXIANJINZHISHI,SHANYUZONGJIEJIAOHAODESHIGONGJINGYAN,CONGERSHISMADESHIYONGDEDAODALITUIGUANG。

  參考文獻:

  [1]LIANGJUN.SMALIQINGHUNHELIAOPEIHEBISHEJI[J].JIAOTONGSHIJIE,2009,(13).

幸运飞艇长  [2]YANGZIYE,SHIHAO,JINWEI,LANGJING.QIANTANSMALIQINGLUMIANSHANGMIANCENGSHIGONGJISHU[J].CHENGSHIDAOQIAOYUFANGHONG,2007,(10).

 

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